Smoking and NicotineSmoking is the single major preventable risk factor for periodontal disease. The habit can cause bone loss and gum recession even in the absence of periodontal disease. A number of studies indicate that smoking and nicotine increase inflammation by reducing oxygen in gum tissue and triggering an over-production of immune factors called cytokines (specifically ones called interleukins), which in excess are harmful to cells and tissue.
Furthermore, when nicotine combines with oral bacteria, such as P. gingivalis, the effect produces even greater levels of cytokines and eventually leads to periodontal connective tissue breakdown. Studies suggest that smokers are 11 times more likely than nonsmokers to harbor the bacteria that cause periodontal disease and four times more likely to have advanced periodontal disease. In one study more than 40% of smokers lost their teeth by the end of their lives.
Saturday, 30 April 2011
Friday, 29 April 2011
What is Periowavehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=88SVNod2roI
Periowave™ is a painless, non-invasive procedure that can significantly improve treatment outcomes when added to scaling and root planing (SRP). Using a powerful process known as photodisinfection, it inactivates many of the bacteria and toxins that SRP leaves behind.
Periowave™ is a non-antibiotic therapy that, unlike antibiotics, quickly destroys gram negative bacteria without promoting the development of bacterial resistance. Periowave™ does not exhibit many of the issues commonly associated with antibiotics, such as allergic or sensitivity reactions, opportunistic infections such as oral yeast infections, or the requirement to take prolonged doses of medication. As Periowave™ utilizes a cold (non-thermal), low-power diode laser as the activating light, it does not cause damage to root surfaces or surrounding tissues. There is no heat involved in this process